Getting up to speed with transcription elongation by RNA polymerase II

Elongation

These values vary because the planetary orbits are elliptical rather than perfectly circular. Another factor contributing to this inconsistency is orbital inclination, in which each planet’s orbital plane is slightly tilted relative to a reference plane, like the ecliptic and invariable planes. The combination of high ultimate tensile strength and high elongation leads to materials of high toughness. As the pulling stress reaches, and then passes, the tensile strength, the material fractures or breaks. However, when any stress less than tensile strength is removed from a material, it returns to its original shape and size, either completely or nearly completely. In astronomy, a planet’s elongation is the angular separation between the Sun and the planet, with Earth as the reference point. The greatest elongation of a given inferior planet occurs when this planet’s position, in its orbital path around the Sun, is at tangent to the observer on Earth.

What is elongation length?

Elongation is defined as the length at breaking point expressed as a percentage of its original length (i.e. length at rest). If a rubber reaches twice its length before breaking its elongation percentage is 100%.

Elongation at Break is measured in % (% of elongation vs. initial size when break occurs). Frameshifts can obviously be disastrous for protein synthesis, leading to the expression of garbled protein sequences. However, there are numerous examples of programmed frameshifts that occur in conjunction with ribosome stalling on the mRNA template, and that lead to expression of a functional protein by translation within an alternate reading frame. Such programmed frameshifts are commonly seen in the expression of proteins encoded by phage or virus nucleic acid, but can occur for endogenous proteins as well.

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Elongation, in astronomy, the angular distance in celestial longitude separating the Moon or a planet from the Sun. The greatest elongation possible for the two inferior planets is about 48° in the case of Venus and about 28° in that of Mercury.

What is elongation in biology?

Basically, elongation is the stage when the RNA strand gets longer, thanks to the addition of new nucleotides. During elongation, RNA polymerase "walks" along one strand of DNA, known as the template strand, in the 3' to 5' direction.

In terms of the celestial sphere, elongation is the distance between the Sun and the body as measured in degrees of celestial longitude. When the body lies on a direct line drawn from Earth to or through the Sun, its elongation is 0° and it is said to be in conjunction .

Of moons of other planets

Sue is active in the community serving on the Industrial Development Board presently and earning several business awards over the years. She is also on the Dale Chambers Foundation board that raises money for local charities in the community. Sometimes elongation may instead refer to the angular distance of a moon of another planet from its central planet, for instance the angular distance of Io from Jupiter. Here we can also talk about greatest eastern elongation and greatest western elongation.

  • Such programmed frameshifts are commonly seen in the expression of proteins encoded by phage or virus nucleic acid, but can occur for endogenous proteins as well.
  • Britannica is the ultimate student resource for key school subjects like history, government, literature, and more.
  • A | Inactive transcription start sites at enhancers and genes are often occupied by nucleosomes.
  • Similarly, if the adhesive can stretch while it’s being applied to a surface, it helps the applicator to be able to mask small corners.
  • The measured elongation at break values is an indication of the ductility of a polymer.

Look up any word in the dictionary offline, anytime, anywhere with the Oxford Advanced Learner’s Dictionary app. View a wide range of polymers with high elongation performance, analyze technical data of each product, get technical assistance or request samples. Ultimate elongation values of several hundred percent are common for elastomers and film/packaging polyolefins. Britannica celebrates the centennial of the Nineteenth Amendment, highlighting suffragists and history-making politicians. Nl.bab.la needs to review the security of your connection before proceeding. More examples If you’re stiff, concentrate on static stretching – a slow elongation of the muscles – holding for 15 to 30 seconds. The angular distance of a planet from the sun; as, the elongation of Venus or Mercury.

Ground State in Elongation and Compression in Tetragonal Distortion

This affects many masking applications, for instance, so the elongation needs to be good in order for the adhesive to withstand the cold. Similarly, if the adhesive can stretch while it’s being applied to a surface, it helps the applicator to be able to mask small corners. These tough to reach spots are important to mask so they don’t get exposed during the painting process. “Ductility” is a measure of a material’s ability to undergo significant deformation before rupture or breaking. These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word ‘elongation.’ Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors.

Elongation

Elongation means the ratio of the extension of a material to the length of the material prior to the extension . “Extension ” means the change in length of a material due to stretching .

Elongation at Break Values of Several Plastics

Designers often stretch tape along the contours of the body to create the design they want and indicate changes that need to be made. Last year, peak bloom occurred just four days after the peduncle elongation stage because of exceptionally warm temperatures in the 70s and 80s. And forced bacteria to survive only by using this particular ancient elongation protein.

Elongation

Exfiltration means any unauthorized release of data from within an information system. This includes copying the data through covert network channels or the copying of data to unauthorized media.

Elongation Sentence Examples

Britannica is the ultimate student resource for key school subjects like history, government, literature, and more. The ratio of the extension of a material to the length of the material prior to stretching. The https://accounting-services.net/ angular separation of a planet from the sun or of a satellite from a planet, as seen by an observer. The amount of extension of an object under stress, usually expressed as a percentage of the original length.

Upon binding of the general transcription machinery at the TSSs, Pol II is recruited, initiated and phosphorylated at Ser5, which promotes transcription initiation.

Buried pipes are subject to soil pressure from the sides as well as the top and also to effects of gravity, temperature changes and external loading either dead or live. Material Test Certificate giving chemical composition, physical properties such as ultimate tensile strength, Elongation %, yield strength, hardness of finished product etc.

As the CEO and President of Strouse Corporation, Sue Chambers is responsible for leading all facets of the business. Sue has a proven executive management track record and over 20 years of experience driving sales growth and operational innovation in the adhesive conversion industry. Sue possesses strong leadership, strategic vision, and savvy marketing skills. Since 1997 Sue Chambers joined Strouse and led the transformation into an enterprise-focused company while growing the company into a world leader in the innovative production of pressure-sensitive adhesive with revenue of over 20 million and growing. In the last three years, Strouse revenue has grown 62%; the number of employees has grown and continues to achieve and maintain ISO 9001 and ISO certification. Strouse built a new production plant going from 40,000 to 62,500 square feet, increasing the production space by 50%.

The structure and activities of the archaeal transcription termination factor Eta detail vulnerabilities of the transcription elongation complex Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences – pnas.org

The structure and activities of the archaeal transcription termination factor Eta detail vulnerabilities of the transcription elongation complex Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.

Posted: Tue, 02 Aug 2022 18:22:22 GMT [source]

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